1600s-1700s Nationalism, Protestantism and the royal prorogative
" In the early and mid-seventeenth century, most intellectuals and most goverors believed that there was a divine imperative to bring godliness, good discipline, and order to the English nation. God was guiding His people towards a Promised Land of peace and justice in which men would love and worship him as it was their duty to do. The vision of a better world tthat could be built by man's response to the divine challenge was shared by James and Charles I, by Wentworth and Laud, by Pym and Cromwell. All political writings were suffused by the immanence of God in his Cretaion, by a deep sense of God's activity in human history and in His providences, His signs of Himself." (Oxford p. 394)
Date? Charles I born Later married Henrietta Maria, daughter of Henry IV of Navarre She is allowed to have Chapel and hears Mass daily.
1600 (Check date--one article says James on throne 1603) Only five years have passed since James I , the same as James VIII of Scotland, took the throne of England to become king of all Britain. Son of Mary Queen of Scots, he came into the world when the intrigues and murders surrounding Mary were at their height; his father had been killed; as a young man he had kidnapped, attacked;and when things were at their best, raised by dour Scotch Presbyterians. He was an undernourished porson and became a poor king.
Alexander Robertson was living at the mouth of the Loch Tay. Bredin line seems to have been devout and well educated; many Robertsons are puritan ministers, though the clan was allied with the Stuarts. Lowlanders had accepted Presbyterianism but Highlanders had not. By the18th century the Robertsons (Bredin-Price line) would be producing Presbyterian ministers, but their proximity to and attachment to Blair Athol and their later marriage to Stuarts make it more likely that they for long while while they were royalist.
1600 Thomas Crosby married in Cambridge, Mass. (Tinker line)
1611 James I strength, his intellectual curiosity, sponsored
the translation of the Bible. He also supported John Donne, made
him his chaplain and gave him St. Pauls. Ben Johnson wrote many
of the Masques at court, Shakespeare's Macbeth was a tribute to
both a scottish king and the fear of witchcraft, an obsession
for James, an object for his feardriven life. (Many plots agianst
On the other hand, his troubles begin to show. Parliament objects to his high handed requests for much money and his defence of the divine right of kings. It is interesting to note that James thought English government was far more based on the divine right than it in fact had been, and that when he was 5 years old he had been dragged into court with his Uncle the Earl of Mar of Scotland to fight Parliament, and had quite thoroughly formed the notion that Parliament was a deadly force. In any case he fails to endear himself to the English, and the memory of Elizabeth shines brightly.
1609 Bringing the Highlanders under control: Statutes of Iona. Lord Ochiltree for James I lured the highland chiefs on shipboard and then sailed them off to jail, to be released only to bring the remaining chiefs to a conference on Iona. The statutes of Iona laid down ground rules not only for church but also contained prohibitions against inns, and firearms. The Campbells of Aygyll helped enforce them, and the highlanders were MacDonald! (Tinker line)
1612 Isaac Perkins born in England.
1613 The daughter of James I, Elizabeth, is married to the Protestant Elector Palatine, largely to offset England's new (Since the Armada) peace with Catholic Spain. The Eyrich's (Taylor-Perkins line) are living in Rotterdam. The next decade will see Frederick the Elector gain and lose Bohemia's part in the revolt of the Protestant lands gainst the Catholic and Habsburg king.
1614 Parliament reopens. In the procession a bishop falls off (the reintroduction of "episcopacy" or bishoprics to the Church of England was hotly debated) and a Protestant lord laughed so hard he fell and broke his arm. (Fraser, James I 155) James hopes it will be a Parliament of Love and asks for tolerance of Catholics.
1616 New world colonies begin to become established as the Spanish-English truce gives England room to breathe. James issues ist patent to the Virginia Company. He took an active interest in it, advising against the planting of tobacco and encouraging silkworms. "He planted mulberry trees at Whitehall and the royal silkwormswere granted special attendants ands well as a groom of the Chamber whose job it was to carry tham 'whithersoever his Majesty went'. (Fraser King James p. 187)
1618 James I goes to Perthshire and imposes Five Articles of Perth making them kneel at communion,, celebrate Christian festivals etc. Buys the ministers cooperation. Robertson family (Bredin-Price line)living in Perthshire is producing Presbyterian ministers is the 1700s; may have been then too. Fights with Puritans increases,.
1620 Englands economic health worsens
1621 King and Protestant Common grow further apart. He tries to ally with Catholic Spain (through son's Charles marriage) and gets his money through excessive control of trade patents. (Virginia is to feel this) Not getting money from Parliament, and feeling it is talking about issues "no fit subjects to be treated of in Parliament", he dissolves it.
1628 Assasination of his favorite the Duke of Buckingham
1629 King dissolves Parliament, beginning "Eleven Years of Tyranny" - Independants (Scotch nobles) and Puritans of Cromwell.
1630 Gerrrard Spencer (Lots of Spencers leading to Penelope Spencer who marries Lynde Lord Tinker) leaves St. Mary's Parrish, Stoytfold, to go to Cambridge, and then finally to Haddam Conn in 1662. Had 13 children
Early settlers were busy making large families to make the farms.
1633 Catholics look for religious freedom. Jerome White (Price-Bredin) comes over toMaryland on either the Ark or the Dove. Has land at the head of South River . "White Hall" with Catholics and Calvert.
1634 Thomas Price arrives at St, Mary's, we believe. One arrives
as indentured servant, free several years later and living in
St. Marys. Another comes up from Va., a cantankerous Quaker. Not
clear which one is father of Mordecai Price.
1635 Peter Wright (Price-Bredin line) emigrates from Norfolk Co. England to Saugus, Mass (Now Lynn) Then goes to Oyster Bay and founds the town in 1635. His son Gideon grows up as a farmer and shoemaker
1636 Charles I grants land to Mass. Bay Colony
1636 Thomas Hooker and John Haynes, objecting to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, migrate to Hartford, founding Conn.
1638 Charles I gets into trouble with Presbyterians in Scotland by trying to impose Anglicanism. The lowlanders affirm their faith by signing a National Covenant, and later a National League and Covenant. Highlanders weren't strong on religious positions, but they did notice that the Presbyterian Lowlanders were led by Archibald Campbell, Earl of Argyll. (hiss boo) Then James Graham, 1st Marquis of Montrose. appeared with a m,andate to raise a royal army in Scotland ,and the highlanders (Robertsons, Stuarts) rallied round.
1638 John White (Tinker line) appears in Wenham, in the district of Salem, MA ."from the west of England". He then goes on to be one of the original propriators of Lancaster, a frontier town.
1639 Isaac Perkins buys farm near Salisbury line, N.H. , near what is now Seabrook.
Thomas Harrison (Bredin-Price line) of Hull, Yorkshire, settles Seawells Pt., Elizabeth River Parrish (Norfolk), Va. The son of Robert Harrison Returns to England. He then becomes Chaplain to Governor Berekley. His story is captured in this summary:
'The seventeenth century is probably the first in English history in which more people emigrated than immigrated. In the course of the century, something over one-third of a million people--mainly young adults--emigrated across the Atlantic. The largest single group made for the West Indies; a second substantial group made for Virginia and for Catholic Maryland; a very much smaller group made for Puritan New England. The pattern of emigration was a fluctuating one, but probably reached its peak in the 1650s and 1660s. For most of those who went, the search for employment and a better life was almost certainly the principal cause of their departure. For a clear minority, however, freedom from religious persecution and the expectation that they could establish churches to worship God in their preferred fashion took precedence. An increasing number were forcibly transported as a punishment for criminal acts (particularly in the 1650s) or simply as a punishment for vagrancy.....The only significant immigration in the seventeenth century was of Jews who flocked in after the Cromwellian regime had removed the legal bars on their residence, and of French Huguenots escaping from Louis XIV's persecution in the 1680s."(Oxford p. 337)
1639 "Mr." John Tinker conducts business for the "Right worshippffull and much honoured Gov. Winthrop of Mass. The cheefe news we heare is of the peace made with Scotland, a great overthrow the Holander hath givem to a fleet of the Spainyards of 70 great shipps waitting upon the coast of England."
1640 Feb.Tinker tells Winthrop that," There are likes to come but a small quantyty of passangers over,in comparison of what hath beene formerly, and the reasone I conceive to be the hopes of some reformation in England, by the intended parliament, the which can hardly be expected per judicious and wise men ( by reason of that great stroak the Prealacy have in poynting out the country's choice of parliament men) but rather troublemsome times approaching...There ware visitations sent by the Scotts, which after some long continuance, the King vouchsafed them audience, this last Friday, being the 21 of February: and after discontenbted speeches, at last obtained the favor to kiss the king's hand, which was a hopeful sign of reconcillment, but they resolve they will never have more Bishopps..."
1640 Rev.. Thomas Blakistone, brother of our ancestor the imigrant George Blakistson, gets ejected from the Prebendary of Wistow. He may have been taking pro-Parliament positions. On the other hand, see below (1642)
Long Parliament begins.
John Tinker writes of the "sad and dangerous times as nowe are in England." This present day, the 13th of Aprill, is the first day of Parliament and II hear the first request the King doth make in his speech to show the ocasion of the meeting, is to require ayde against the Scotch faction, pretending to make it appear they intend rebellion against the King: the which with many other passages both seene and heard of doth make us feare sadd times."
Altogether a time of exhuberance and excitement in these early settlements. Relations with the indians generally still good. (Save Jamestown Masc.)
1642 Battle of Edgehill a draw between King Charles I and Parliament . Young Charles II drawing his sword and saying "I fear them not" inspires them all.
William Blakstone, a relative of George Blakiston the emigrant, served as a colonel and is said to have been knighted at the battle of Oxford. in the army of Charles I.
1643 Solemn League and Covenant of Scotland commits the Scotch to making England and Ireland Presbyterian "Coventers" were those Scotch Presbyterians who took this so seriously they sided with Parliament.
1644 "In August 1644 Montrose met up with 1,500 MacDonalds from the Glens of Antrim in Northern Ireland, and with them as the core of an army, he set aabout recruiting among Highland Chiefs. First came 800 Athollmen, then two of his own relatives, Sir John Drummond and Lord Kilpont, each with 500 men, followed by an assortment of clansmen to bring his force up to something over 3,000 poorly armed men." (Brit Hist Dec 1980-81, p. 21) They fight with stones, and have many successes.
Robertson clan (to Bredin-Price) still living at Kenmore in Perthshire, Scotland. They are rallied under the Atholl highlanders to fight with James Graham, Marquis of Montrose, . Later many become fervent Protestants; families must have been divided. Montrose did well for the king, but was later caught and executed by the Scottish Covenenters..
1645 John Townsend (Price/Bredin) arrives at New Amsterdam. He is a Quaker with "8 acres at Fresh Water" "being daily alarmed by the indians", he is also accused of not contributing to the established church, and moved to R.I., where he sits on the Provincial Assembly. He ends up in Oyster Bay [Settlers of the Long Grey Trail] where another relative lived [Wright].
1646 Charles II flees for protection to St. Marys, island near France Charles I, beaten, throws himself on mercy of the Scottish, who later trade him to Parliament for payment of their troops. Then Cromwell's men seized the king and expelled Presbyterians from Parliament., Cromwell argued that the defeat of the Royalists was a sign God had cast out the king. With Puritans ascendent, Christmas is banished from the calendar.
A contemporary in England sums up the English conflict at this
point so: "In the close of the wars (temp. Charles I) when
the king's feild Army was dispersed and most of his Garrisons
taken, His Majesty went privately down to Scotland (his native
country) in hopes of having assistance from his own Countrymen,
but his hopes were disappointed, and they sent him in nature of
a prisoner to the Parliament of England who sent him to Uxbridge,
and there began a treaty with him, by theire Comissioners, which
was concluded at the Isle of Wight, and the Comissioners made
a report of theire proceedings to the House of Commons, for there
was then noe House of Lords; the Commons had voted them useless,
and the Army would not suffer them to sit, and make an Act, that
noe person that had taken armes for the King should come within
twenty miles of London.
An Act, and London may go shake her eares,
She twenty miles must live from Cavaliers.--Culpepper
When the Comissioners had made theire report to the Parliament, iut was straightway put to the voate whether the King's condesensions were satisfactory. And was carried in the affirmative by noe great number of over voices; butt the Army being displeased att these proceedings, there was a band of soldiers placed att the Parliament dore who keptt out all that had voated for the King, the rest were suffered to goe in, and these were called the Rump of a Parliament. This Rump presently brought his Majesty to a tryal, and after an untimely end[he was beheaded]and then made a voate that all persons who had adhered to the King's party should bee proceeded against as Traytors Ýo the commonwealth of England. But here came a lytle sprinkle of mercy from them, which was, that every such person should bee aquitted upon paying of a certaine sum of money for his composition money. Which sums were sett downe by this Parliament and were unalterable."
RichardGough, The History of Myddle 1701
1642 the Whites are having their own religious conflicts. John
White of Salem's name does not appear in the church rol, and his
wife Joane is dismissed form the churhc after the children were
baptised. Her case was considered in 1646:
"At a church meeting April 10,1645 the letters dismissiive of Joane White from the church of Salem were read and accepted of, in case she gave satisfaction to ye church otherwise.
Hereupon ye church deserired of her being present to make a declaration of ye worke of Grace on her soule w'ch was done, ye substance whereof was this:
She was brought up in a poore Ignorant place etc.
her ist conviction was of ye sins of ye breach of ye sabbath and ye taking of God's name in vayne, from Commandments 3 and 4th, her hearte being drawn towards New England because good popell came hither:--At last by a providence comeing over was shit up for a long space of time liveing far remote in ye woodees from ye meannes, (of grace) and reading in romans 10, Faith commeth by hearing: put her affections onward, towards ye desire of ye meanes: afterwards at Ipswitch, from Es. 41--her consent and closure+++
April 13, 1645--After ye sermon and singing, ye letters of dismission concerning Joane White were publickly read, and after that ye Church had by vote mnaifested their willingness to reach forth unto her ye right hand of felloship:--she was admitted and pronounced an acrual member of the church." (in p. 10-11, White)
1647 The Scotch "Engagers" (Presbyterians who believed they could work things out with the king, Charles father, after all, having been the son of Mary Queen of Scots) invade England and work out an agreement with Charles to establish Presbyterian govt. (Montrose was to go) English are not thrilled about arrival of the Scotch with their "lice". In any case Cromwell beat them in the Battle of Preston, ending the Second Civil War and the "Engagers" authority in Scotland.(Cromwell, says Antonia Fraser, fought the Scotch but liked them; Charles made many agreements and didn't like them at all)
Lots of ships rebellions on all sides. an age of disobedience and increasing resistence to authority.
1648 Thomas Harrison (Bredin line) turns non-conformist and is banished from Jamestown. After 3 years in Maine goes back to London and becomes Chaplain to Henry Cromwell in Dublin. Cook Street Church, Dublin.
1649 Charles I is tried and executed. One of the sons of Rev. Marmaduke Blakistone, John, (not our ancestor George) was one of the Judges who signed the death warrant of Charles I. [See the Dictionary of National Biography] Montrose was betrayed and caotured, then executed (a shaft of brilliant sunlight illuminating the scaffold etc.)
1649 John Winthrop, Gov. of Mass. and frequent employer of John Tinker, dies. John Endicott takes over as Gov. "Long hair is for ruffians and barbarous indians" decree the Mass. Gen. Court iin the Spring of 1649. "We hereby...do declare and manifest our dislike and detestation against the wearing of suchh long hair, as against a thing uncivil and unmanly, whereby men do deform themselves, and offend sober and modest men, and do corrupt manners." (Selma Williams' Kings, Commoners and Colonists0
Scotch proclaim Charles II in Edinburgh and the Irish rise in his favor under Ormond, but Cromwell crushes them ,dispossesses the Irish, and moves in Protestants.Montrose comes to Scotland and is beaten, captured and executed
1650 Charles II comes to Scotland, takes the Covenant, and is beaten by Cromwell at the Battle of Dunbar.and again at the Battle of Worcester. The roundheads march armed with prayers, banners saying "The Lord is with us", and sing 'O God our rock in ages past'. The highlanders spirit is crushed.Charles II escapes to France.
1650 Death of John Blakiston, brother of our ancestor George Blakiston (Perkins-Taylor line) He thus was spared the awful fate of many of the other regicide judges(hanging, drawing and quartering) when Charles II returns. His will states that his brother George has "suffered much in public concerns" and gives to each of George's children 50 pounds. (Blakistone family-Johnson)
1650 William Daniell (Tinker line) and wife Katherine come to Milton. Katherine taught the nearby indians to read. Colony commissioners commended her, saying "Having learned that the wife of Wiliam Daniel hath for three years bestowed much of her time in teaching several indians to read, think fit to allow her 12 pounds for the time past and to encourage her to continue in the same course..." This decade of harmony with the indians does not last. His daughter dies in childbirth at age 24. The child lived and someone "of the brethren" questioned whether she had the right to be baptised but the church "saw noe grounds to deny it."
THE PURITAN DECADE
George Fox, taking his hat no one one but his Maker, is imprisoned in Darby Prison, and converts his jailor. Arracked at Ulverston and converts his attacker. His actions builkd a following in Darbyuand Leistershire; Thomas Coates (Taylor-Perkins line) is convinced in this area several decades later. His father may have been convinced by Fox.
1653 Cromwell turns out the Rump Parliament, sets up the Little Parliament, and becomes Lord Protector of the Commonwealth, Scotland and Ireland. He then fights with Parliament and dissolves it. Rigid puritanical regime.
1653 Thomas Livesey (Price-Bredin) became an early convert to Quakerism, and was one of the first persons in Cheshire to suffer persecution for his belief. In 1653 for refusing to take the oath, he "had a cow taken from him worth 50 sh. and for the same cause suffer'd six weeks and five days imprisonment. This was the period of great spread of Quakerism in England. "The chaos of the Civil War created a bewildering variety of sects and gathered churches. The Baptists, one off thestrong underground churches before 1640,spread widely via the army. Many new groups denied Calvinist notions of an Elect predestined to salvation, andproclaimed God's Grace to be freely available. The largest of all the sects was the Quakers, whose informal missionary evangelism in the countryside gained thousands of adherents iin the 1650s: denoucing the formalization of religion, and the specious authority of 'hireling priests' in their 'steeple houses', the Quakers urdged men to find the divine spark within themselves, the Holy Spirit which came direct to the Christian, mediated by neither the Church nor Scripture. Their hatred of formal worship and of tithes led them into widespread campaigns of militant passive disobedience. One of their leaders, James Naylor, was tried for blasphemy by the Second ProtectorateParliament in 1656. Although he escaped the sentence of death, he was subject to a variety of severe physical punishments, Parliament taking several hours to decide which bits of him should be sliced or cut off." (Oxford Hist of Britain p. 392)
1652 John and Joane White leave Salem and arrives in Lancaster, Mass. He petitions for the building of a "corne mill" at Lancaster, and in the next several years aquires land on the Still River. In his will he leaves hundred of acres to his children in 1656 John Whites sister Mary married a Harvard graduate and preacher, and they also move to Lancaster, Mass. (She is later captured by the Indians)
1655 John Tinker one of the founders of Lancaster, Mass settling from Boston. Trades with the indians.
1656 George Blakiston of Sheriff of Durham County under Parliament. Four of his brothers were clergymen, one was the regicide judge. The family motto was "Fac bene non dubitans" But the doing of Cromwell's work was often not so good.
1658 Guy White Sr.(Price line) along with other Quakers such as William Cole and Robert Clarkson in Maryland refuses to obey court orders concerning the militia and is cited. (Besse, and Md. Historical Mag., XLVII, 1952, 197-313)
1658 Death of Cromwell/ Ascension of his son Richard. Rump restored.
1660 RESTORATION of CHARLES II and THE OATH "The trauma of regicide left few royalists with faith in the providences of God; the much deeper sense of betrayal experienced by the radicals in 1660 largely explains their political quiescence thereafter. ...Instead, most of the Puritans and their heirs intyernalized the kingdom of God. They accepted the world as the domain of sin and imperfectability. WIthin this vale of tears, each person must seek personal peace by building a temple of grace within himself or herself." (Oxford p. 394)
1661 The effects of Mrs. Susan Blakiston, widow of the regicide judge, were seized by the Sheriff of Durham. He is later taken care of by her husband's brother George, our ancestor who has already gone to Maryland.
Finds John Tinker in New London. The colonists are clearly divided about the good fortune of the return to monarchy, and John Tinker feels the heat. William Morton of New London spoke in court:
To all whome it may concerne.
You may please to take notice that I William Morton of New London being chosen by the Towne of New London to be a constrable and by oath being bound to execurte that place faithfully as also being a free denison of that most famous country of England and having taken an oath of that Land to be true to his Royall Oath of that land to be truue to his Royall Majesty o' now Gracious King Charles the Seacond (sic) of Glorious renowne, I count that I cannot be failthfull unto my oath nor to his majestie, neither should I be faithfull unto the Couuntry wch lyes under reproaches for such maner of speeches and carriages already wherefore having evidences that John Tinker, who is lookt at as one that should execiute Justice and sworne by oathe so to doe, especialy to studdie the hono' of 'o Royall King and of his Life and hapie being, yet notwithstanding the saide Tinker although it was notoriously knowne unto him that some had spoken Treason against the king...."(History of New London NEGHS)
John Tinker sits on a case illustrating the perils of trade in the times. It appears a Mr. Addis had been entrusted by a Mr. Reveall with 750 pounds for trade and couldn't quite acocunt for where it had gone. "The capital had nearly all disappeared; he could not tell how, except that he had lost 300 pounds by fire and somewhat by a defect of meat, which he had sent to the Barbadoes, consigned to Mr. Reavell. No dishonesty was proved against himm: he freely resigned all that he had remaining; expressed great sorrow for the result and threw hikmself on the charity of Mr. Reavell to be allowed to remain in his house and pursue his calinmh for a subsistence and livelihood in his old age."[Hist. of New london]
Meanwhile in Merry England:
I660 Joan Tyler, Quaker (Price line) goes to jail in Bristol(?) for refusing to take the oath. Although Charles II had reason to support the Quakers( One had given him significant help in reaching France during his flight from captivity in England) he still insisted everyone take the oath. Having had to swear in his youth oaths he did not support in his conscience (to the Scotch Presbyterians) , it may be he counted it a lighter matter than Joan Tyler.
Things aren't any better in the new world:
1660 Md. passes an Act for Supressing Quakers "an unreasonable and turbulant sort of people" who gather togerth for "miracles, false visions, prophesies, and doctrines..." They were fined 200 lbs of tobacco ecach time they gathered, and 2000 lbs if they refused baptism.
1661/2 Quaker sisters of ancestor Gideon Wright (Price/Bredin) went to Boston to protest the execuution of Mary Dyer, who had been aquited of being a witch but sentenced for being a Quaker. The two sisters, including Hannah who was only 12 years old, was banished from the Mass. Bay Colony..
1662 Robert Taylor (Price-Bredin) of Clutterwick was moderately fined at the General Session of the Peace held at Chester in the Castle of Chester for gathering with fellow Quakers. He decided to go to Penna. (See 1681)
1665 "Thomas (Livesey's) marriage to his second wife Ellen
was by Friends ceremony, and was solemnized during the year 1665.
It was not recorded, however, and neither the exact date nor Ellen's
last name are known. He and other Quakers of Runcorn Parish were
broughr before the Consistory Court and Chester on Dec. 22nd of
that year "for not being marryed according to the canons
and Laws Ecclesiastical." Thomas was fined 2 sh for this
offence. Ellen is believed to have been buried 6 mo. 9, 1668.
A special tax on hearths was levied in Runthorn Parrish in the years 1673 and 74. Thomas Livezey was assessed for one fireplace on each occasion. He was a husbandman or tenant farmer, as his father had been before him, and the foregoing reference shows that he lived in a humble cottage.
1668 George Blakiston (Perkins line) who had been sheriff of Durham County under Parliament in 1658 (Surtee's Durham, iii, 402-3) comes to Maryland Father a Rector in England Rev. Marmaduke Blakiston Settles in St. Mary's He then brings his brother's widow and the children over from England. He is said to have "suffered much in public concerns" , probably because of his relationship to his brother ,the regicide judge,
(After 1660) Perkins line Ebenezer son of Isaac takes mother Susanna and sister Ruth Hussey to Brandywine area.
1660 Relatives living in Chesapeake) : Mordecai Price I, his wife Mary Parsons Guy White Jr., )
1660 William Smead (Tinker line)free man of Northampton marries Elizabeth Lawrence of Hinghan and goes to settle Deerfield. Nine years later his son Samuel Smead is born.
1669 George Landfeare (Lanphere) buys land in Westerly R.I. and is baptised in 1678. Large probably quite poor clan of farmers.
weaver "of Bedminster"
m.JOAN TYLER or "Tilar" of Bristol Meeting 10-25-1673 (Bristol and Somerset Friends Minutes)
(16?) John Simcock, born in Cheshire 1630, becomes a Penn. commissioner
1673 John White dies and leaves inventory of about 450 acres, 14 livestock, 53 bushels of rye, 12 bushels of "blasted wheat", 30 bushels indina corn, bushels of oates, hemoseed, flazseed, tools, arms, feather bed, ironware, chests etc., a rather typical inventory. An english armoire of his is in the Lancaster Memorial Library, a very eccentric place indeed.
1673 Ely (Price line) Mansfield, England Joshua Ely ,still a minor ,marries Mary Senior. Mansfield monthly meeting. They were last seen in England in Dunham, Nottinghamshire, on the river Trent.
1676 KING PHILIPS WAR Began 1675 in Deerfield. Samuel Smead (Tinker line) loses wife and two of his children in the Deerfield Massacre.
1675 Lancaster, a frontier town of fifty families, is attacked. John White's daughter Mary, sister of ancestor Josiah White(Tinker line), was married to a minister John Rowlandson. A Christian Nashaway indian came to warn of the attack, and a scout was sent out on snowshoes 85 miles to Cambridge to bring military relief. Help was too late for the minister's garrison of families (He was gone to the Bay Colony) Mary Rowlandson recorded her captivity in a hair-raising account that begins: On the tenth of February 1675[6 by our calendar] came the Indians with great numbers upon Lancaster. Hearing the noise of some guns we looked out: several houses were burning and the smoke ascending to Heaven.... There were five persons taken in one house. The father and the mother and a sucking child they knocked on the head: the other two they took and carried away alive." "...it was the dolefullest day that ever mine eyes saw." She walks at least as far as Chesterfield New Hampshire, eating lily roots,corn meal in specs, rare pieces of deer, and is alternatively mistreated and cared for by the three wives of her master. . An early struggler against the sot-weed, she sends a letter to her husband " My loving husband pray send three pounds of tobacco for me. " At one point she travels with Prince Philip, who "took me by the hand, and said, 'Two weeks more and you shall be mistress again.'" Later, however, the ransom bargaining slowed down. After the ransoming is apparently concluded Philip calls her in and asks her what she would give to him to tell her good news. "I told him I could not tell what to give him--I would anything I had--and asked him what he would have.. He said two coats and twenty shillings in money, and half a bushel of seed-corn and some tobacco. I thanked him for his love, but I knew the good news as well as that crafty fox." Later, in a phrase worthy of Harrison and Cromwell, she remarks on " the strange providence of God in turning things about when the indians were at the highest and the English at the lowest." Furthermore, she sees the pow-wows and circular dances as did the rest of the Puritans, as devil-worship. She is ransomed (and a diorama of her ransom stands in the Indian museum of Fruitlands) She ends, "I hope I can say in some measure as David did: 'It is good for me that I have been afflicted.' The Lord hath showed me the vanity of these outward things, that they are the Vanity of Vanity, and vexation of spirit; that they are but a shadow, a blast, a bubble, and things are no continuance; that we must rely on God himself...
1676 Son-in-law of William Daniell killed in King Philip's war and William's second daughter the next day died in childbirth leaving daughter Silence.
Old time religion:
1678 Mar 2 Samuel Hubbard writes, " Then we went to the waterside at the mill, then brother Hiscox baptized George Lanphear (Tinker line), he came out rejoicing; his wife went into the water, was faint hearted and came back again onbaptized (sic)."
1678 relative Mahlon Stacy (thru Price Bredin) arrives in New Jersey. Joshua Ely and family follow.by 1685 400 acres from Mahlon Stacy are transferred to him. for 47 pounds..Named Mansfield N.J Joshua severs connection with Quakers although offspring pick it up. May have to do with censure. "Mary Leadbetter and Elizabeth Corkram exhorted Joshua Ely and his wife for absenting from meeting; he said he had satisfied some men friends and he thought that was sufficient; but after some words with him he spake something as signifying that he had not unity with all that spake amongst friends and he was exhorted to faithfulness; his wife said she intended to come amonst us again."( From Womens Quarterly Meeting Book, Mansfield) Became Justice for Burlington County.
1681 Samual Griffith (Price -Bredin line)from Wales to Calvert co.
e. 1682 Henry Comly came with wife Joan and son Henry.
1681/2 Robert Taylor received from William Penn a grant of 1000 acres.between Darby Creek and Crum Creek, Delaware County an area rich in trees and animals. As a first purchaser he was also entitled to two city lots of Phila. (Liberty lands), one on Sassafras (now Race st.) and anoyjer on High (now Market St.) [The Taylor Family] He and his family came over on the "Endeavor" and arrived in Phila. July 29, 1683.
1683 John Simcock (Price-Bredin line) emigrates on the" Friendship",. the eighth of Penn's ships, leaving his home in Ridley, Cheshire, England, and taking his wife ELIZABETH BUDD (daughter of Rev. Thomas and Joanna Knight Budd) Before emigrating he purchased 2875 acres of land east of Ridley Creek and immediately back of a tier of Swedish plantations that occupied the whole river front.(The edge Ridley Township and Phila.) "He was a Judge Supreme Court 1693; Chief Justice 1690-03; Justice of County Courts 1683; Member of Assembly 1693-97; Speaker 1696, and one of five commissioners appointed by Penn to govern the Province. He was a Quaker preacher and had suffered in England for the cause and was imprisoned for fifteen months and fined many pounds. He and his sons John and Jacob were subscribers to the cost of the Chester Meetings, built in 1693.
1683 Thomas Coates (Taylor-Perkins line) at the age of 23 leaves England as a Quaker participant in Penn's experiment. One family story is that the father,Henry Coates of Old Leistershire and Derbyshire, who was royalist, never forgave him.
1682 Thomas Livesey (Price-Bredin line) There is no further
record until 1682. On March 2nd and 3rd of that year, Thomas purchased
from Penn's land agents in England a tract of 250 acres to be
laid out and surveyed for him in the province of Pennsylvania.
The price paid for the land was 5 pounds, 5 sh, or about ten cents
"The exact date of Thomas' arrival in Phila. has not been ascertained but it was sometime between March 3rd 1682 and Jan 11 1683. On the later date, he was one of the 18 jurors chosen for the first court held in Philadelphia. Since neither his name nor that of his son Jonathan appear in the passanger lists of any of the ships that entered the port of Philly that year (the lists are incomplete) it is possible that they did not sail directly to that port. Their relatives Jonathan and Gilbert Livesey were at that time masters of vessels making regular runs between Liverpool and Virginia, and they may have taken passage on one of these ships and made their way up the coast to Phila.
"As was customary, Thomas received a lot in the city of Philadelphia as a bonus for purchasing land in the colony. These city lots were allotted according to the acerage purchased, the largest landowners receiving the choicest lots. The most desired location was along the water front near High Street, now the corner of Market Street and Delaware Avenue. As a relatively unimportant buyer of land, Thomas was entitled to no such consideration, and he was given lot no. 150, several blocks awaty, at the north-west corner of Fourth and Walnut...
"Apparently Thomas wished to dispose of this lot and believed that it would become more salable if a house was built on it. Accordingly he contracted with a carpenter named Hugo Marsh to build the house and to sell the house and lot jointly. This sale was made Dec. 20, 1683, the purchaser being a tailor named John Green. The purchase price was 46 pounds, 10 sh. of which Thomas received one third....
(He then went ahead and aquired 500 acres in Dublin Twsp of Phila. 250 he had bought before leaving England and 250 he added "by patent")
1685 at the revocation of the Edict of Nantes many of the Guisnes
congregation fled to Dublin to the shelter of Monsieur James Hierome
and his son-in-law, "Mr. Bredin, Esq.", probably, the
author of the Bredin manuscript believes, the brother of the master
of Bosle Roy about whom we know alot..( We know more about his
possible brother CHARLES BRIDON, Master of Bosle Roy "Bosle
Roy" may refer either to the woods of the kind, or the Le
Roy lands. married in Guisnes at a time of intense Huguenot persecution,
Guisnes being temporariy safe under the protection of Admiral
Duquesne. In 1683, for example, about 700 churches were burned.
At Guisnes there was a temple shaped like a "trapeze"
with double columns all around. Louis XIV sent a spy who records:
"On the 20th of April, 1683, was celebrated the marriage
of Charles Bridon, Master of Bosle Roy, age 34, son of the late
Isaac Bridon, Doctor of Medicine, and Esther Cocquet, said Charles
having been born at Dieppe and residing there, being accompanied
by his good friends Anthony Marechal and Jacob Le Turque; the
bride being Marie de la rue, age 29, daughter of the late Louis
de la Rue and Marie Sauchelle, a native of Calais and residing
there, she being accompanied by her mother and Louis de la Becques,
pere, her cousin on her mother's side.") The English had
encouraged the Huguenots to settle in Ireland, and had set Hierome
as Chaplain of the refugees first in Engl;and and later in Ireland.
Many children were then named "James" after the Chaplain.
"Marie Bridon", witness to a baptism, is referred to
as "Marie Boulroy" by a Guisnes refugee.And the death
of Charles is recorded: "Monsieur Bosle Roy: Monsieur Charles
de Bosleroy, officier a la paniton(pensioner), agee de 80 ans,
est mort le 4 Decembre, 1724; et a ete enterer le 5e du dit mois
dans le Cimetierre de Peter Street. (Dublin)"
After the restoration of the Stuarts the English passed " An act to encourage Protestant strangers and others to inhabit and plant in Ireland."
WEAK LINKS, to be sure. But the family tradition had said that
the name was first spelled Bridon, and that it came from Normandy.
The Huguenot tradition is that families fled from Normandy to
Guisnes in persecution. The appelation of "James" in
the Huguenot Irish community supports the Guisnes to Hierome link.
and If Bridon goes to meet Bredin in Ireland, it is reasonable
to suppose they were related.
So the third brother would be:
Sergeant JAMES BREDIN
b. 1654-1665. Dieppe most likely
mentioned in English army register.
Thought to be the son of Isaac Bridon and Esther Cocquet. One of three brothers who fought in the Battle of the Boyne in 1690.. came to Donegal, Ireland after the Battle of the Boyne, perhaps to lift the Seige of Londonderry. Bredins then lived there for one hundred years. Alleged to have been tenants of the Marquis of Donegal, but fire destroyed Stranorlar Church registers. Stranorlar is a small town on the river Finn.
"One interesting heirloom that has come down from this family is a small book entitled "The complete Measure, of the Whole Art of Measuring", which is now in the possession of Mr. George R. White. This book is bound in course Irish cloth and was printed in Cork in 1768. In it are the following signatures:-John Bredin of S., James Bredin, James Bredin and J.B. Thre second James Bredin also writes-Stranorlar Jany 21, 1803. These four signatures are distinct writings, evidently made by at least three different persons." (John Bredin of S the oldest)
"We infer that John of S was either the son or the grandson of Sergeant James Bredin of the Boyne. The signature of the first James in the book may be that of a brother of John of S or of his son. That of the second James who also writes Stranorlar Jany 21, 1803, is probably the writing of the founder of the american house, who is buried in Butler, Pa..... (As he died in 1830, age 84 years, he was evidently born in 1746 and so would have been the son of John of S or the other James, is the latter were John's brother, -and the grandson or great-grandson of Sergeant Bredin of the Boyne.
JOHN BREDIN of S
m. Miss O'Donnell, descendent of the last Earl of Tyrconnel (Hugh Baldeary O'Donnell, last of the Irish chiefs, received $ from William of Orange)
**Tyrconnel Read Little Jennings and Fighting Dick Talbot- P. W. Sergeant Fought on the side of James II in the Unglorious Revolution. The Irish only wanted to sever the connection with England. James passed some very Catholic legislation while there just a year, including the restoration of lands lost to Cromwell. Popular in Ireland, fatal in England and Scotland. Seige of Londonderry relieved. Wiliam his son-in-law crosses the Channel Meet at Battle of the Boyne. Irish continue to fight and 1691 Tyrconnel dead. Treaty of Limerick. So it is logical that Hugh Baldeary replaced the fighting Tyrconnel as the bearer of the title.1685 Revocation of the Edict of Nantes Bredins flee France. Henry IV, who decided Paris is worth a mass", turned his back on the French Protestants,? Louis XIV persecutes.
1685- Monmouth and Argyle Rebellion vs. James They try to arouse Covenenters in Scotland and Dorsetmen in England but fail.
1683 ? Quakers persecuted after Monmouths rebellion. John Paul (Price-Bredin line)flees to Oxford Pa.
1685 JAMES II a Roman Catholic Unpopular England asks for William and Mary. James II sheltered in good estate by Louis XIV, who later supports the Jacobite causes under the Old Pretender.
1687 Talbot Quakers read with 'great satisfaction" an exhortation from friends in Dublin to "keep out of the passions and customs of the world"(p. 638 Quakers and Politics) Maryland Revolution?
1688 The Glorious Revolution. This was a small revolution as revolutions go, but was "the decisive rejection of an entire conception of government." English basic alliance switches from French to Dutch. (French and Indian War of next century can be seen in that context.
1689 Succession of William and Mary "The Stuarts were one of England's least successful dynasties. ...Towering above the Stuart age were two decades of civil war, revolution, and republican experiment which ought to have changed fundamentally the course of English history, but which did so, if at all, very elusively. Whilst kings and generals toiled and failed, however, a fundamental change was taking place in English economy and society, largely unheeded and certainly unfashioned by the will of government." Oxford Hist. p. 327 With William and Mary, the beginning of Whig aristocracy.
1689 Toleration Act "formal recognition of the fact of religious pluralism." (Oxford p. 393)
May 1689 James goes to Ireland and calls on the clansmen to help. Rallying of the clans in a field at Dalcomera beside the river Lochy in the Great Glen of Invernesshire. "The Jacobuite movement was born. First on the field was Cameron of Lochiel; then came MacDonalds, Macleans, Stewarts, MacNeills, MacLellans, MacLeods, MacMillans, Grants, Frasers, names which were to recur again and again in the Jacobite story, families which were to suffer from generation to generation.'(Brit. Hist, p. 25) Although winning a battle at Killiekrankie, their leader Bonnie Du=ndee (Its true) was killed and the tribes retreated, save for one foray by MacDonald fo Glencoe to a MacDonald place (revenge setting)
July 1, 1690 Battle of the Boyne Culmination of Irish bloodbath. James Bredin ( Bredin Price line)and his two brothers fight for James II, who, dispossessed in England, had landed in Ireland and was joined by the Irish earl, Tyrconnel. James beaten by Willliam of Orange and fled
1691 John Harrison, son of Isaiah Harrison (blacksmith), son of Thomas Harrison leaves England for America, founds Oyster Bay.
1691-Thomas Coates (Taylor-Perkins line)has to leave Pa. to ransom nephew whose boat was captured by an Angerine corsair and who was being held in slavery in Mechinez, near Fez. He succeeds, returns to Pa., and became a prosperous Philadelphia merchant. One of his customers, he recorded, was Jacob Simcock (Price-Bredin line)
1692A fort is built in Inverlochy and named Fort William, to end resistence against King William from the highlanders. Despite evidence that the highlanders were seeking reconciliation, Robert Campbell of Glenlyon is sent to billet himself and his men at MacDonalds of Glencoe. He then betrayed the hospitality and at 5 in the morning murdered those clan members that were there. Many others escaped into the snows, and suffered. "Stair's determination to teach the clans a lesson may have had the immediate effect of pacifying the Highlands, but it also kept the flame of Jacobitism alive, ready to burst into a great conflagration when the right Stuart was there to give a lead. "(p. 31 Douglas Brit Hist)
Nathaniel Blakiston, son, I believe of the regicide, is now Governor of Maryland. He hopes that the law of 1700 is "now washed and purged of the Dreggs that were the cause of its being disassented to" by the Quakers. Until 1701 their insistence on refusal of oath had kept them from govt. participation.
ADD Jerome White and Guy White Sr. , Thomas Parsons